A lot of people assume that they simply have sensitive skin when they blush often or stay in the sun for too long. However, this may already be one of the first signs and symptoms of rosacea.
Rosacea is a skin disease which appears around the 30s and is chronic – which means it never really goes away. It is treatable, but the symptoms only disappear or are controlled. It is incurable.
You may have flushed or red skin, pimples and small blood vessels may appear on the face. The eyes may be affected too, and they will be reddish or watery. If not treated, your skin might swell (edema) and vision loss may occur.
At the onset, the face may be frequently reddish and this occurs persistently. Blushing and flushing may also occur. The redness usually shows up on the central area of the face due to the blood vessels dilating.
What Are The Different Types Of Rosacea?
- Vascular Rosacea – or erythematotelangiectaticrosacea, is characterized by small blood vessels appearing on the cheeks and nose. This is because the blood vessels swell, and can make the skin sensitive to even small irritations. The most severe cases can cause dandruff and oily skin. This is usually treated with doxycycline in topical or oral medicines.
- Inflammatory Rosacea – this is also called Papulopustularrosacea and is more visible than vascular rosacea. In the case, an outbreak can occur at one part of the face and then spreads. It usually infects the middle part of the face, i.e. the chine, forehead, nose and cheeks. Metronidazole, doxycycline or azelaic acid in topical medicines are used to treat this.
- Phymatous Rosacea – this is a more advanced rosacea that occurs when no treatments have been done for both vascular and inflammatory rosacea. Rhinophyma or the bulging nose, can occur because the skin thickens on that part, as well as on the cheeks and forehead. The treatment for this is surgery or laser, in order for the extra skin to be removed.
- Ocular Rosacea – as the name states, it is the eyes that are affected. They appear red, swollen, or watery. There is a dry or burning feeling, and it’s as if something is stuck in the eye like grit. The eyelids can be affected too; they can become swollen or sore, inflamed and in some cases, scaly. It may seem as if you have conjunctivitis or sore eyes. This is not as common as the others, but it can be potentially disruptive to daily life. If the cornea is damaged, then vision may be affected. Tetracycline is used to treat this.
Even just a single symptom appears, see a dermatologist and have yourself checked. It is better to be careful rather than having to deal with hassle that will follow if you ignore warning signs.
Remember that “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” as the cliché goes. It will not be so difficult to treat at the onset.